pandas Simple manipulation of DataFrames Delete a column in a DataFrame


Example

There are a couple of ways to delete a column in a DataFrame.

import numpy as np
import pandas as pd

np.random.seed(0)

pd.DataFrame(np.random.randn(5, 6), columns=list('ABCDEF'))

print(df)
# Output:
#           A         B         C         D         E         F
# 0 -0.895467  0.386902 -0.510805 -1.180632 -0.028182  0.428332
# 1  0.066517  0.302472 -0.634322 -0.362741 -0.672460 -0.359553
# 2 -0.813146 -1.726283  0.177426 -0.401781 -1.630198  0.462782
# 3 -0.907298  0.051945  0.729091  0.128983  1.139401 -1.234826
# 4  0.402342 -0.684810 -0.870797 -0.578850 -0.311553  0.056165

1) Using del

del df['C']

print(df)
# Output:
#           A         B         D         E         F
# 0 -0.895467  0.386902 -1.180632 -0.028182  0.428332
# 1  0.066517  0.302472 -0.362741 -0.672460 -0.359553
# 2 -0.813146 -1.726283 -0.401781 -1.630198  0.462782
# 3 -0.907298  0.051945  0.128983  1.139401 -1.234826
# 4  0.402342 -0.684810 -0.578850 -0.311553  0.056165

2) Using drop

df.drop(['B', 'E'], axis='columns', inplace=True)
# or df = df.drop(['B', 'E'], axis=1) without the option inplace=True

print(df)
# Output:
#           A         D         F
# 0 -0.895467 -1.180632  0.428332
# 1  0.066517 -0.362741 -0.359553
# 2 -0.813146 -0.401781  0.462782
# 3 -0.907298  0.128983 -1.234826
# 4  0.402342 -0.578850  0.056165

3) Using drop with column numbers

To use column integer numbers instead of names (remember column indices start at zero):

df.drop(df.columns[[0, 2]], axis='columns')

print(df)
# Output:
#           D
# 0 -1.180632
# 1 -0.362741
# 2 -0.401781
# 3  0.128983
# 4 -0.578850