Git Ignoring Files and Folders Ignoring subsequent changes to a file (without removing it)


Sometimes you want to have a file held in Git but ignore subsequent changes.

Tell Git to ignore changes to a file or directory using update-index:

git update-index --assume-unchanged my-file.txt

The above command instructs Git to assume my-file.txt hasn't been changed, and not to check or report changes. The file is still present in the repository.

This can be useful for providing defaults and allowing local environment overrides, e.g.:

# create a file with some values in
cat <<EOF
EOF > .env

# commit to Git
git add .env
git commit -m "Adding .env template"

# ignore future changes to .env
git update-index --assume-unchanged .env

# update your password
vi .env

# no changes!
git status