Haskell Language Lists Zipping and Unzipping Lists


Example

zip takes two lists and returns a list of corresponding pairs:

zip []     _      = []
zip _      []     = []
zip (a:as) (b:bs) = (a,b) : zip as bs

> zip [1,3,5] [2,4,6]
> [(1,2),(3,4),(5,6)]

Zipping two lists with a function:

zipWith f  []     _      = []
zipWith f  _      []     = []
zipWith f  (a:as) (b:bs) = f a b : zipWith f as bs

> zipWith (+) [1,3,5] [2,4,6]
> [3,7,11]

Unzipping a list:

unzip = foldr (\(a,b) ~(as,bs) -> (a:as,b:bs)) ([],[])

> unzip [(1,2),(3,4),(5,6)]
> ([1,3,5],[2,4,6])