Haskell Language Bitmap - Parsing Binary Data


Attoparsec makes parsing binary data trivial. Assuming these definitions:

import           Data.Attoparsec.ByteString (Parser, eitherResult, parse, take)
import           Data.Binary.Get            (getWord32le, runGet)
import           Data.ByteString            (ByteString, readFile)
import           Data.ByteString.Char8      (unpack)
import           Data.ByteString.Lazy       (fromStrict)
import           Prelude                    hiding (readFile, take)

-- The DIB section from a bitmap header
data DIB = BM | BA | CI | CP | IC | PT
           deriving (Show, Read)

type Reserved = ByteString

-- The entire bitmap header
data Header = Header DIB Int Reserved Reserved Int
              deriving (Show)

We can parse the header from a bitmap file easily. Here, we have 4 parser functions that represent the header section from a bitmap file:

Firstly, the DIB section can be read by taking the first 2 bytes

dibP :: Parser DIB
dibP = read . unpack <$> take 2

Similarly, the size of the bitmap, the reserved sections and the pixel offset can be read easily too:

sizeP :: Parser Int
sizeP = fromIntegral . runGet getWord32le . fromStrict <$> take 4

reservedP :: Parser Reserved
reservedP = take 2

addressP :: Parser Int
addressP = fromIntegral . runGet getWord32le . fromStrict <$> take 4

which can then be combined into a larger parser function for the entire header:

bitmapHeader :: Parser Header
bitmapHeader = do
    dib <- dibP
    sz <- sizeP
    offset <- addressP
    return $ Header dib sz "" "" offset