Swift Language Variables & Properties Property Observers


Property observers respond to changes to a property's value.

var myProperty = 5 {
    willSet {
        print("Will set to \(newValue). It was previously \(myProperty)")
    didSet {
        print("Did set to \(myProperty). It was previously \(oldValue)")
myProperty = 6
// prints: Will set to 6, It was previously 5
// prints: Did set to 6. It was previously 5
  • willSet is called before myProperty is set. The new value is available as newValue, and the old value is still available as myProperty.
  • didSet is called after myProperty is set. The old value is available as oldValue, and the new value is now available as myProperty .

Note: didSet and willSet will not be called in the following cases:

  • Assigning an initial value
  • Modifying the variable within its own didSet or willSet
  • The parameter names for oldValue and newValue of didSet and willSet can also be declared to increase readability:
var myFontSize = 10 {
    willSet(newFontSize) {
        print("Will set font to \(newFontSize), it was \(myFontSize)")
    didSet(oldFontSize) {
        print("Did set font to \(myFontSize), it was \(oldFontSize)")

Caution: While it is supported to declare setter parameter names, one should be cautious not to mix names up:

  • willSet(oldValue) and didSet(newValue) are entirely legal, but will considerably confuse readers of your code.