Angular 2 Directives *ngFor


Example

form1.component.ts:

import { Component } from '@angular/core';

// Defines example component and associated template
@Component({
    selector: 'example',
    template: `
      <div *ngFor="let f of fruit"> {{f}} </div>
      <select required>
        <option *ngFor="let f of fruit" [value]="f"> {{f}} </option>
      </select>
    `
})

// Create a class for all functions, objects, and variables
export class ExampleComponent { 
    // Array of fruit to be iterated by *ngFor
    fruit = ['Apples', 'Oranges', 'Bananas', 'Limes', 'Lemons'];
}

Output:

<div>Apples</div>
<div>Oranges</div>
<div>Bananas</div>
<div>Limes</div>
<div>Lemons</div>
<select required>
  <option value="Apples">Apples</option>
  <option value="Oranges">Oranges</option>
  <option value="Bananas">Bananas</option>
  <option value="Limes">Limes</option>
  <option value="Lemons">Lemons</option>
</select>

In its most simple form, *ngFor has two parts : let variableName of object/array

In the case of fruit = ['Apples', 'Oranges', 'Bananas', 'Limes', 'Lemons'];,

Apples, Oranges, and so on are the values inside the array fruit.

[value]="f" will be equal to each current fruit (f) that *ngFor has iterated over.


Unlike AngularJS, Angular2 has not continued with the use of ng-options for <select> and ng-repeat for all other general repetitions.

*ngFor is very similar to ng-repeat with slightly varied syntax.

References:

Angular2 | Displaying Data

Angular2 | ngFor

Angular2 | Forms