Angular 2 Testing a Service


Example

Given a service that can login a user:

import 'rxjs/add/operator/toPromise';

import { Http } from '@angular/http';
import { Injectable } from '@angular/core';

interface LoginCredentials {
  password: string;
  user: string;
}

@Injectable()
export class AuthService {
  constructor(private http: Http) { }

  async signIn({ user, password }: LoginCredentials) {
    const response = await this.http.post('/login', {
      password,
      user,
    }).toPromise();

    return response.json();
  }
}

It can be tested like this:

import { ConnectionBackend, Http, HttpModule, Response, ResponseOptions } from '@angular/http';
import { TestBed, async, inject } from '@angular/core/testing';

import { AuthService } from './auth.service';
import { MockBackend } from '@angular/http/testing';
import { MockConnection } from '@angular/http/testing';

describe('AuthService', () => {
  beforeEach(() => {
    TestBed.configureTestingModule({
      imports: [HttpModule],
      providers: [
        AuthService,
        Http,
        { provide: ConnectionBackend, useClass: MockBackend },
      ]
    });
  });

  it('should be created', inject([AuthService], (service: AuthService) => {
    expect(service).toBeTruthy();
  }));

  // Alternative 1
  it('should login user if right credentials are passed', async(
    inject([AuthService], async (authService) => {
      const backend: MockBackend = TestBed.get(ConnectionBackend);
      const http: Http = TestBed.get(Http);

      backend.connections.subscribe((c: MockConnection) => {
        c.mockRespond(
          new Response(
            new ResponseOptions({
              body: {
                accessToken: 'abcdef',
              },
            }),
          ),
        );
      });

      const result = await authService.signIn({ password: 'ok', user: 'bruno' });

      expect(result).toEqual({
        accessToken: 'abcdef',
      });
    }))
  );

  // Alternative 2
  it('should login user if right credentials are passed', async () => {
    const backend: MockBackend = TestBed.get(ConnectionBackend);
    const http: Http = TestBed.get(Http);

    backend.connections.subscribe((c: MockConnection) => {
      c.mockRespond(
        new Response(
          new ResponseOptions({
            body: {
              accessToken: 'abcdef',
            },
          }),
        ),
      );
    });

    const authService: AuthService = TestBed.get(AuthService);

    const result = await authService.signIn({ password: 'ok', user: 'bruno' });

    expect(result).toEqual({
      accessToken: 'abcdef',
    });
  });

  // Alternative 3
  it('should login user if right credentials are passed', async (done) => {
    const authService: AuthService = TestBed.get(AuthService);

    const backend: MockBackend = TestBed.get(ConnectionBackend);
    const http: Http = TestBed.get(Http);

    backend.connections.subscribe((c: MockConnection) => {
      c.mockRespond(
        new Response(
          new ResponseOptions({
            body: {
              accessToken: 'abcdef',
            },
          }),
        ),
      );
    });

    try {
      const result = await authService.signIn({ password: 'ok', user: 'bruno' });

      expect(result).toEqual({
        accessToken: 'abcdef',
      });

      done();
    } catch (err) {
      fail(err);
      done();
    }
  });
});