C Language Strings string formatted data read/write


Example

Write formatted data to string

int sprintf ( char * str, const char * format, ... );

use sprintf function to write float data to string.

#include <stdio.h>
int main ()
{
  char buffer [50];
  double PI = 3.1415926;
  sprintf (buffer, "PI = %.7f", PI);
  printf ("%s\n",buffer);
  return 0;
}

Read formatted data from string

int sscanf ( const char * s, const char * format, ...);

use sscanffunction to parse formatted data.

#include <stdio.h>
int main ()
{
  char sentence []="date : 06-06-2012";
  char str [50];
  int year;
  int month;
  int day;
  sscanf (sentence,"%s : %2d-%2d-%4d", str, &day, &month, &year);
  printf ("%s -> %02d-%02d-%4d\n",str, day, month, year);
  return 0;
}