C Language Standard Math Power functions - pow(), powf(), powl()


Example

The following example code computes the sum of 1+4(3+3^2+3^3+3^4+...+3^N) series using pow() family of standard math library.

#include <stdio.h>
#include <math.h>
#include <errno.h>
#include <fenv.h>

int main()
{
        double pwr, sum=0;
        int i, n;

        printf("\n1+4(3+3^2+3^3+3^4+...+3^N)=?\nEnter N:");
        scanf("%d",&n);
        if (n<=0) {
                printf("Invalid power N=%d", n);
                return -1;
        }

        for (i=0; i<n+1; i++) {
                errno = 0;
                feclearexcept(FE_ALL_EXCEPT);
                pwr = powl(3,i);
                if (fetestexcept(FE_INVALID | FE_DIVBYZERO | FE_OVERFLOW |
                        FE_UNDERFLOW)) {
                        perror("Math Error");
                }
                sum += i ? pwr : 0;
                printf("N= %d\tS= %g\n", i, 1+4*sum);
        }

        return 0;
}

Example Output:

1+4(3+3^2+3^3+3^4+...+3^N)=?
Enter N:10
N= 0    S= 1
N= 1    S= 13
N= 2    S= 49
N= 3    S= 157
N= 4    S= 481
N= 5    S= 1453
N= 6    S= 4369
N= 7    S= 13117
N= 8    S= 39361
N= 9    S= 118093
N= 10    S= 354289