Ruby on Rails Model Class


Example

class Post < ActiveRecord::Base
  belongs_to :user
  has_many :comments

  validates :user, presence: true
  validates :title, presence: true, length: { in: 6..40 }

  scope :topic, -> (topic) { joins(:topics).where(topic: topic) }

  before_save :update_slug
  after_create :send_welcome_email

  def publish!
    update(published_at: Time.now, published: true)
  end

  def self.find_by_slug(slug)
    find_by(slug: slug)
  end

  private

  def update_slug
    self.slug = title.join('-')
  end

  def send_welcome_email
    WelcomeMailer.welcome(self).deliver_now
  end
end

Models are typically responsible for:

  • setting up relationships
  • validating data
  • providing access to data via scopes and methods
  • Performing actions around persistence of data.

At the highest level, models describe domain concepts and manages their persistence.