JavaScript Using GET with parameters


Example

This function runs an AJAX call using GET allowing us to send parameters (object) to a file (string) and launch a callback (function) when the request has been ended.

function ajax(file, params, callback) {

  var url = file + '?';

  // loop through object and assemble the url
  var notFirst = false;
  for (var key in params) {
    if (params.hasOwnProperty(key)) {
      url += (notFirst ? '&' : '') + key + "=" + params[key];
    }
    notFirst = true;
  }

  // create a AJAX call with url as parameter
  var xmlhttp = new XMLHttpRequest();
  xmlhttp.onreadystatechange = function() {
    if (xmlhttp.readyState == 4 && xmlhttp.status == 200) {
      callback(xmlhttp.responseText);
    }
  };
  xmlhttp.open('GET', url, true);
  xmlhttp.send();
}

Here's how we use it:

ajax('cars.php', {type:"Volvo", model:"300", color:"purple"}, function(response) {
  // add here the code to be executed when data comes back to this page      
  // for example console.log(response) will show the AJAX response in console
});

And the following shows how to retreive the url parameters in cars.php:

if(isset($_REQUEST['type'], $_REQUEST['model'], $_REQUEST['color'])) {
  // they are set, we can use them !
  $response = 'The color of your car is ' . $_REQUEST['color'] . '. ';
  $response .= 'It is a ' . $_REQUEST['type'] . ' model ' . $_REQUEST['model'] . '!';
  echo $response;
}

If you had console.log(response) in callback function the result in console would have been:

The color of your car is purple. It is a Volvo model 300!