JavaScript Arrays Using map to reformat objects in an array


Example

Array.prototype.map(): Returns a new array with the results of calling a provided function on every element in the original array.

The following code example takes an array of persons and creates a new array containing persons with a 'fullName' property

var personsArray = [
  {
    id: 1,
    firstName: "Malcom",
    lastName: "Reynolds"
  }, {
    id: 2,
    firstName: "Kaylee",
    lastName: "Frye"
  }, {
    id: 3,
    firstName: "Jayne",
    lastName: "Cobb"
  }
];

// Returns a new array of objects made up of full names.
var reformatPersons = function(persons) {
  return persons.map(function(person) {
    // create a new object to store full name.
    var newObj = {};
    newObj["fullName"] = person.firstName + " " + person.lastName;

    // return our new object.
    return newObj;
  });
};

We can now call reformatPersons(personsArray) and received a new array of just the full names of each person.

var fullNameArray = reformatPersons(personsArray);
console.log(fullNameArray);
/// Output
[
  { fullName: "Malcom Reynolds" }, 
  { fullName: "Kaylee Frye" },
  { fullName: "Jayne Cobb" }
]

personsArray and its contents remains unchanged.

console.log(personsArray);
/// Output
[
  {
    firstName: "Malcom",
    id: 1,
    lastName: "Reynolds"
  }, {
    firstName: "Kaylee",
    id: 2,
    lastName: "Frye"
  }, {
    firstName: "Jayne",
    id: 3,
    lastName: "Cobb"
  }
]