Array is an ordered collection type in the Swift standard library. It provides O(1) random access and dynamic reallocation. Array is a generic type, so the type of values it contains are known at compile time.
Array is a value type, its mutability is defined by whether it is annotated as a
var (mutable) or
[Int] (meaning: an array containing
Ints) is syntactic sugar for
Read more about arrays in The Swift Programming Language.
The following three declarations are equivalent:
// A mutable array of Strings, initially empty. var arrayOfStrings: [String] =  // type annotation + array literal var arrayOfStrings = [String]() // invoking the [String] initializer var arrayOfStrings = Array<String>() // without syntactic sugar
An array literal is written with square brackets surrounding comma-separated elements:
// Create an immutable array of type [Int] containing 2, 4, and 7 let arrayOfInts = [2, 4, 7]
The compiler can usually infer the type of an array based on the elements in the literal, but explicit type annotations can override the default:
let arrayOfUInt8s: [UInt8] = [2, 4, 7] // type annotation on the variable let arrayOfUInt8s = [2, 4, 7] as [UInt8] // type annotation on the initializer expression let arrayOfUInt8s = [2 as UInt8, 4, 7] // explicit for one element, inferred for the others
// An immutable array of type [String], containing ["Example", "Example", "Example"] let arrayOfStrings = Array(repeating: "Example",count: 3)
let dictionary = ["foo" : 4, "bar" : 6] // An immutable array of type [(String, Int)], containing [("bar", 6), ("foo", 4)] let arrayOfKeyValuePairs = Array(dictionary)
In Swift, a multidimensional array is created by nesting arrays: a 2-dimensional array of
let array2x3 = [ [1, 2, 3], [4, 5, 6] ] // array2x3 is 2, and array2x3 is 6.
To create a multidimensional array of repeated values, use nested calls of the array initializer:
var array3x4x5 = Array(repeating: Array(repeating: Array(repeating: 0,count: 5),count: 4),count: 3)