Node.js Web Apps With Express Error handling


Basic docs can be found here

app.get('/path/:id(\\d+)', function (req, res, next) { // please note: "next" is passed
    if ( == 0) // validate param
        return next(new Error('Id is 0')); // go to first Error handler, see below

    // Catch error on sync operation
    var data;
    try {
        data = JSON.parse('/file.json');
    } catch (err) {
        return next(err);

    // If some critical error then stop application
    if (!data)
        throw new Error('Smth wrong');

    // If you need send extra info to Error handler
    // then send custom error (see Appendix B)
    if (smth)
        next(new MyError('smth wrong', arg1, arg2))

    // Finish request by res.render or res.end

// Be sure: order of app.use have matter
// Error handler
app.use(function(err, req, res, next)) {
    if (smth-check, e.g. req.url != 'POST') 
        return next(err); // go-to Error handler 2.

    console.log(req.url, err.message);

    if (req.xhr) // if req via ajax then send json else render error-page
        res.render('error.html', {error: err.message});  

// Error handler 2
app.use(function(err, req, res, next)) {
    // do smth here e.g. check that error is MyError
    if (err instanceof MyError) {
        console.log(err.message, err.arg1, err.arg2);

Appendix A

// "In Express, 404 responses are not the result of an error, 
// so the error-handler middleware will not capture them." 
// You can change it.
app.use(function(req, res, next) {
    next(new Error(404)); 

Appendix B

// How to define custom error
var util = require('util');
function MyError(message, arg1, arg2) {
    this.message = message;
    this.arg1 = arg1;
    this.arg2 = arg2;
    Error.captureStackTrace(this, MyError);
util.inherits(MyError, Error); = 'MyError';