Python Language Overview

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Example

# No import needed


# No import required...
from functools import reduce # ... but it can be loaded from the functools module


from functools import reduce # mandatory

reduce reduces an iterable by applying a function repeatedly on the next element of an iterable and the cumulative result so far.

def add(s1, s2):
    return s1 + s2

asequence = [1, 2, 3]

reduce(add, asequence)  # equivalent to: add(add(1,2),3)
# Out: 6

In this example, we defined our own add function. However, Python comes with a standard equivalent function in the operator module:

import operator
reduce(operator.add, asequence)
# Out: 6

reduce can also be passed a starting value:

reduce(add, asequence, 10)
# Out: 16
Cumulative product