Python Language Sharing State Between Threads


Example

As all threads are running in the same process, all threads have access to the same data.

However, concurrent access to shared data should be protected with a lock to avoid synchronization issues.

import threading

obj = {}
obj_lock = threading.Lock()

def objify(key, val):
    print("Obj has %d values" % len(obj))
    with obj_lock:
        obj[key] = val
    print("Obj now has %d values" % len(obj))

ts = [threading.Thread(target=objify, args=(str(n), n)) for n in range(4)]
for t in ts:
    t.start()
for t in ts:
    t.join()
print("Obj final result:")
import pprint; pprint.pprint(obj)

# Out: Obj has 0 values
# Out:  Obj has 0 values
# Out: Obj now has 1 values
# Out: Obj now has 2 valuesObj has 2 values
# Out: Obj now has 3 values
# Out: 
# Out:  Obj has 3 values
# Out: Obj now has 4 values
# Out: Obj final result:
# Out: {'0': 0, '1': 1, '2': 2, '3': 3}