Python Language Communicating between threads


Example

There are multiple threads in your code and you need to safely communicate between them.

You can use a Queue from the queue library.

from queue import Queue
from threading import Thread

# create a data producer 
def producer(output_queue):
    while True:
        data = data_computation()
        
        output_queue.put(data)

# create a consumer
def consumer(input_queue):
    while True:
        # retrieve data (blocking)
        data = input_queue.get()

        # do something with the data

        # indicate data has been consumed
        input_queue.task_done()

Creating producer and consumer threads with a shared queue

q = Queue()
t1 = Thread(target=consumer, args=(q,))
t2 = Thread(target=producer, args=(q,))
t1.start()
t2.start()