Python Language Indexing and Slicing Basic Indexing

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Example

Python lists are 0-based i.e. the first element in the list can be accessed by the index 0

arr = ['a', 'b', 'c', 'd']
print(arr[0])
>> 'a'

You can access the second element in the list by index 1, third element by index 2 and so on:

print(arr[1])
>> 'b'
print(arr[2])
>> 'c'

You can also use negative indices to access elements from the end of the list. eg. index -1 will give you the last element of the list and index -2 will give you the second-to-last element of the list:

print(arr[-1])
>> 'd'
print(arr[-2])
>> 'c'

If you try to access an index which is not present in the list, an IndexError will be raised:

print arr[6]
Traceback (most recent call last):
  File "<stdin>", line 1, in <module>
IndexError: list index out of range


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