Python Language Executing code provided by untrusted user using exec, eval, or ast.literal_eval


Example

It is not possible to use eval or exec to execute code from untrusted user securely. Even ast.literal_eval is prone to crashes in the parser. It is sometimes possible to guard against malicious code execution, but it doesn't exclude the possibility of outright crashes in the parser or the tokenizer.

To evaluate code by an untrusted user you need to turn to some third-party module, or perhaps write your own parser and your own virtual machine in Python.