Python has a variety of command-line switches which can be passed to
py. These can be found by performing
py --help, which gives this output on Python 3.4:
Python Launcher usage: py [ launcher-arguments ] [ python-arguments ] script [ script-arguments ] Launcher arguments: -2 : Launch the latest Python 2.x version -3 : Launch the latest Python 3.x version -X.Y : Launch the specified Python version -X.Y-32: Launch the specified 32bit Python version The following help text is from Python: usage: G:\Python34\python.exe [option] ... [-c cmd | -m mod | file | -] [arg] ... Options and arguments (and corresponding environment variables): -b : issue warnings about str(bytes_instance), str(bytearray_instance) and comparing bytes/bytearray with str. (-bb: issue errors) -B : don't write .py[co] files on import; also PYTHONDONTWRITEBYTECODE=x -c cmd : program passed in as string (terminates option list) -d : debug output from parser; also PYTHONDEBUG=x -E : ignore PYTHON* environment variables (such as PYTHONPATH) -h : print this help message and exit (also --help) -i : inspect interactively after running script; forces a prompt even if stdin does not appear to be a terminal; also PYTHONINSPECT=x -I : isolate Python from the user's environment (implies -E and -s) -m mod : run library module as a script (terminates option list) -O : optimize generated bytecode slightly; also PYTHONOPTIMIZE=x -OO : remove doc-strings in addition to the -O optimizations -q : don't print version and copyright messages on interactive startup -s : don't add user site directory to sys.path; also PYTHONNOUSERSITE -S : don't imply 'import site' on initialization -u : unbuffered binary stdout and stderr, stdin always buffered; also PYTHONUNBUFFERED=x see man page for details on internal buffering relating to '-u' -v : verbose (trace import statements); also PYTHONVERBOSE=x can be supplied multiple times to increase verbosity -V : print the Python version number and exit (also --version) -W arg : warning control; arg is action:message:category:module:lineno also PYTHONWARNINGS=arg -x : skip first line of source, allowing use of non-Unix forms of #!cmd -X opt : set implementation-specific option file : program read from script file - : program read from stdin (default; interactive mode if a tty) arg ...: arguments passed to program in sys.argv[1:] Other environment variables: PYTHONSTARTUP: file executed on interactive startup (no default) PYTHONPATH : ';'-separated list of directories prefixed to the default module search path. The result is sys.path. PYTHONHOME : alternate <prefix> directory (or <prefix>;<exec_prefix>). The default module search path uses <prefix>\lib. PYTHONCASEOK : ignore case in 'import' statements (Windows). PYTHONIOENCODING: Encoding[:errors] used for stdin/stdout/stderr. PYTHONFAULTHANDLER: dump the Python traceback on fatal errors. PYTHONHASHSEED: if this variable is set to 'random', a random value is used to seed the hashes of str, bytes and datetime objects. It can also be set to an integer in the range [0,4294967295] to get hash values with a predictable seed.