C# Language BatchBlock


Example

(Groups a certain number of sequential data items into collections of data items)

BatchBlock combines N single items into one batch item, represented as an array of elements. An instance is created with a specific batch size, and the block then creates a batch as soon as it’s received that number of elements, asynchronously outputting the batch to the output buffer.

BatchBlock is capable of executing in both greedy and non-greedy modes.

  • In the default greedy mode, all messages offered to the block from any number of sources are accepted and buffered to be converted into batches.
    • In non-greedy mode, all messages are postponed from sources until enough sources have offered messages to the block to create a batch. Thus, a BatchBlock can be used to receive 1 element from each of N sources, N elements from 1 source, and a myriad of options in between.

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Batching Requests into groups of 100 to Submit to a Database

var batchRequests = new BatchBlock<Request>(batchSize:100);
var sendToDb = new ActionBlock<Request[]>(reqs => SubmitToDatabase(reqs));

batchRequests.LinkTo(sendToDb);

Creating a batch once a second

var batch = new BatchBlock<T>(batchSize:Int32.MaxValue);
new Timer(() => { batch.TriggerBatch(); }).Change(1000, 1000);

Introduction to TPL Dataflow by Stephen Toub