C# Language Various Properties in Context


Example

public class Person 
{
    //Id property can be read by other classes, but only set by the Person class
    public int Id {get; private set;}
    //Name property can be retrieved or assigned 
    public string Name {get; set;}
    
    private DateTime dob;
    //Date of Birth property is stored in a private variable, but retrieved or assigned through the public property.
    public DateTime DOB
    {
        get { return this.dob; }
        set { this.dob = value; }
    }
    //Age property can only be retrieved; it's value is derived from the date of birth 
    public int Age 
    {
        get 
        {
            int offset = HasHadBirthdayThisYear() ? 0 : -1;
            return DateTime.UtcNow.Year - this.dob.Year + offset;
        }
    }

    //this is not a property but a method; though it could be rewritten as a property if desired.
    private bool HasHadBirthdayThisYear() 
    {
        bool hasHadBirthdayThisYear = true;
        DateTime today = DateTime.UtcNow;
        if (today.Month > this.dob.Month)
        {
            hasHadBirthdayThisYear = true;
        }
        else 
        {
            if (today.Month == this.dob.Month)
            {
                hasHadBirthdayThisYear = today.Day > this.dob.Day;
            }
            else
            {
                hasHadBirthdayThisYear = false;
            }
        }
        return hasHadBirthdayThisYear;
    }
}