C# Language Abstract Factory Pattern


Example

Provide an interface for creating families of related or dependent objects without specifying their concrete classes.

In this example demonstrates the creation of different animal worlds for a computer game using different factories. Although the animals created by the Continent factories are different, the interactions among the animals remain the same.

using System;
 
namespace GangOfFour.AbstractFactory
{
  /// <summary>
  /// MainApp startup class for Real-World
  /// Abstract Factory Design Pattern.
  /// </summary>
  class MainApp
  {
    /// <summary>
    /// Entry point into console application.
    /// </summary>
    public static void Main()
    {
      // Create and run the African animal world
      ContinentFactory africa = new AfricaFactory();
      AnimalWorld world = new AnimalWorld(africa);
      world.RunFoodChain();
 
      // Create and run the American animal world
      ContinentFactory america = new AmericaFactory();
      world = new AnimalWorld(america);
      world.RunFoodChain();
 
      // Wait for user input
      Console.ReadKey();
    }
  }
 
 
  /// <summary>
  /// The 'AbstractFactory' abstract class
  /// </summary>
  abstract class ContinentFactory
  {
    public abstract Herbivore CreateHerbivore();
    public abstract Carnivore CreateCarnivore();
  }
 
  /// <summary>
  /// The 'ConcreteFactory1' class
  /// </summary>
  class AfricaFactory : ContinentFactory
  {
    public override Herbivore CreateHerbivore()
    {
      return new Wildebeest();
    }
    public override Carnivore CreateCarnivore()
    {
      return new Lion();
    }
  }
 
  /// <summary>
  /// The 'ConcreteFactory2' class
  /// </summary>
  class AmericaFactory : ContinentFactory
  {
    public override Herbivore CreateHerbivore()
    {
      return new Bison();
    }
    public override Carnivore CreateCarnivore()
    {
      return new Wolf();
    }
  }
 
  /// <summary>
  /// The 'AbstractProductA' abstract class
  /// </summary>
  abstract class Herbivore
  {
  }
 
  /// <summary>
  /// The 'AbstractProductB' abstract class
  /// </summary>
  abstract class Carnivore
  {
    public abstract void Eat(Herbivore h);
  }
 
  /// <summary>
  /// The 'ProductA1' class
  /// </summary>
  class Wildebeest : Herbivore
  {
  }
 
  /// <summary>
  /// The 'ProductB1' class
  /// </summary>
  class Lion : Carnivore
  {
    public override void Eat(Herbivore h)
    {
      // Eat Wildebeest
      Console.WriteLine(this.GetType().Name +
        " eats " + h.GetType().Name);
    }
  }
 
  /// <summary>
  /// The 'ProductA2' class
  /// </summary>
  class Bison : Herbivore
  {
  }
 
  /// <summary>
  /// The 'ProductB2' class
  /// </summary>
  class Wolf : Carnivore
  {
    public override void Eat(Herbivore h)
    {
      // Eat Bison
      Console.WriteLine(this.GetType().Name +
        " eats " + h.GetType().Name);
    }
  }
 
  /// <summary>
  /// The 'Client' class 
  /// </summary>
  class AnimalWorld
  {
    private Herbivore _herbivore;
    private Carnivore _carnivore;
 
    // Constructor
    public AnimalWorld(ContinentFactory factory)
    {
      _carnivore = factory.CreateCarnivore();
      _herbivore = factory.CreateHerbivore();
    }
 
    public void RunFoodChain()
    {
      _carnivore.Eat(_herbivore);
    }
  }
}

Output:

Lion eats Wildebeest

Wolf eats Bison