C# Language XmlDocument vs XDocument (Example and comparison)


Example

There are several ways interact with an Xml file.

  1. Xml Document
  2. XDocument
  3. XmlReader/XmlWriter

Before LINQ to XML we were used XMLDocument for manipulations in XML like adding attributes, elements and so on. Now LINQ to XML uses XDocument for the same kind of thing. Syntaxes are much easier than XMLDocument and it requires a minimal amount of code.

Also XDocument is mutch faster as XmlDocument. XmlDoucument is an old and dirty solution for query an XML document.

I am going to show some examples of XmlDocument class and XDocument class class:

Load XML file

string filename = @"C:\temp\test.xml";

XmlDocument

XmlDocument _doc = new XmlDocument();
_doc.Load(filename);

XDocument

XDocument _doc = XDocument.Load(fileName);

Create XmlDocument

XmlDocument

XmlDocument doc = new XmlDocument();
XmlElement root = doc.CreateElement("root");
root.SetAttribute("name", "value");
XmlElement child = doc.CreateElement("child");
child.InnerText = "text node";
root.AppendChild(child);
doc.AppendChild(root);

XDocument

 XDocument doc = new XDocument(
    new XElement("Root", new XAttribute("name", "value"), 
    new XElement("Child", "text node"))
);

/*result*/
<root name="value">
    <child>"TextNode"</child>
</root>

Change InnerText of node in XML

XmlDocument

XmlNode node = _doc.SelectSingleNode("xmlRootNode");
node.InnerText = value;

XDocument

 XElement rootNote = _doc.XPathSelectElement("xmlRootNode"); 
rootNode.Value = "New Value";

Save File after edit

Make sure to safe the xml after any change.

// Safe XmlDocument and XDocument
_doc.Save(filename);

Retreive Values from XML

XmlDocument

 XmlNode node = _doc.SelectSingleNode("xmlRootNode/levelOneChildNode");
string text = node.InnerText;

XDocument

 XElement node = _doc.XPathSelectElement("xmlRootNode/levelOneChildNode");
 string text = node.Value;

Retreive value from all from all child elements where attribute = something.

XmlDocument

List<string> valueList = new List<string>(); 
    foreach (XmlNode n in nodelist)
    {
        if(n.Attributes["type"].InnerText == "City")
        {
            valueList.Add(n.Attributes["type"].InnerText);
        }
    }

XDocument

var accounts = _doc.XPathSelectElements("/data/summary/account").Where(c => c.Attribute("type").Value == "setting").Select(c => c.Value);

Append a node

XmlDocument

XmlNode nodeToAppend = doc.CreateElement("SecondLevelNode");
nodeToAppend.InnerText = "This title is created by code";

/* Append node to parent */
XmlNode firstNode= _doc.SelectSingleNode("xmlRootNode/levelOneChildNode");
firstNode.AppendChild(nodeToAppend);

/*After a change make sure to safe the document*/
_doc.Save(fileName);

XDocument

_doc.XPathSelectElement("ServerManagerSettings/TcpSocket").Add(new XElement("SecondLevelNode"));

 /*After a change make sure to safe the document*/
_doc.Save(fileName);