C# Language Async & Attente


Exemple

async et await sont deux opérateurs destinés à améliorer les performances en libérant des threads et en attendant que les opérations se terminent avant de continuer.

Voici un exemple pour obtenir une chaîne avant de renvoyer sa longueur:

//This method is async because:
//1. It has async and Task or Task<T> as modifiers
//2. It ends in "Async"
async Task<int> GetStringLengthAsync(string URL){
    HttpClient client = new HttpClient();
    //Sends a GET request and returns the response body as a string
    Task<string> getString = client.GetStringAsync(URL);
    //Waits for getString to complete before returning its length
    string contents = await getString;
    return contents.Length;
}

private async void doProcess(){
    int length = await GetStringLengthAsync("http://example.com/");
    //Waits for all the above to finish before printing the number
    Console.WriteLine(length);
}

Voici un autre exemple de téléchargement d'un fichier et de traitement de ce qui se passe lorsque ses progrès ont changé et lorsque le téléchargement est terminé (il y a deux façons de le faire):

Méthode 1:

//This one using async event handlers, but not async coupled with await
private void DownloadAndUpdateAsync(string uri, string DownloadLocation){
    WebClient web = new WebClient();
    //Assign the event handler
    web.DownloadProgressChanged += new DownloadProgressChangedEventHandler(ProgressChanged);
    web.DownloadFileCompleted += new AsyncCompletedEventHandler(FileCompleted);
    //Download the file asynchronously
    web.DownloadFileAsync(new Uri(uri), DownloadLocation);
}

//event called for when download progress has changed
private void ProgressChanged(object sender, DownloadProgressChangedEventArgs e){
    //example code
    int i = 0;
    i++;
    doSomething();
}

//event called for when download has finished
private void FileCompleted(object sender, AsyncCompletedEventArgs e){
    Console.WriteLine("Completed!")
}

Méthode 2:

//however, this one does
//Refer to first example on why this method is async
private void DownloadAndUpdateAsync(string uri, string DownloadLocation){
    WebClient web = new WebClient();
    //Assign the event handler
    web.DownloadProgressChanged += new DownloadProgressChangedEventHandler(ProgressChanged);
    //Download the file async
    web.DownloadFileAsync(new Uri(uri), DownloadLocation);
    //Notice how there is no complete event, instead we're using techniques from the first example
}
private void ProgressChanged(object sender, DownloadProgressChangedEventArgs e){
    int i = 0;
    i++;
    doSomething();
}
private void doProcess(){
    //Wait for the download to finish
    await DownloadAndUpdateAsync(new Uri("http://example.com/file"))
    doSomething();
}