# C++ Arithmetic operators

## Example

Arithmetic operators in C++ have the same precedence as they do in mathematics:

Multiplication and division have left associativity(meaning that they will be evaluated from left to right) and they have higher precedence than addition and subtraction, which also have left associativity.

We can also force the precedence of expression using parentheses `(` `)`. Just the same way as you would do that in normal mathematics.

``````// volume of a spherical shell = 4 pi R^3 - 4 pi r^3
double vol = 4.0*pi*R*R*R/3.0 - 4.0*pi*r*r*r/3.0;

int a = 2+4/2;          // equal to: 2+(4/2)         result: 4
int b = (3+3)/2;        // equal to: (3+3)/2         result: 3

//With Multiplication

int c = 3+4/2*6;        // equal to: 3+((4/2)*6)     result: 15
int d = 3*(3+6)/9;      // equal to: (3*(3+6))/9     result: 3

//Division and Modulo

int g = 3-3%1;          // equal to: 3 % 1 = 0  3 - 0 = 3
int h = 3-(3%1);        // equal to: 3 % 1 = 0  3 - 0 = 3
int i = 3-3/1%3;        // equal to: 3 / 1 = 3  3 % 3 = 0  3 - 0 = 3
int l = 3-(3/1)%3;      // equal to: 3 / 1 = 3  3 % 3 = 0  3 - 0 = 3
int m = 3-(3/(1%3));    // equal to: 1 % 3 = 1  3 / 1 = 3  3 - 3 = 0
`````` PDF - Download C++ for free