Android Comment utiliser Android Fingerprint API pour enregistrer les mots de passe des utilisateurs


Exemple

Cet exemple de classe d'assistance interagit avec le gestionnaire d'empreintes digitales et effectue le chiffrement et le déchiffrement du mot de passe. Veuillez noter que la méthode utilisée pour le cryptage dans cet exemple est AES. Ce n'est pas la seule façon de chiffrer et d' autres exemples existent. Dans cet exemple, les données sont chiffrées et déchiffrées de la manière suivante:

Cryptage:

  1. L'utilisateur donne à l'aide le mot de passe non crypté souhaité.
  2. L'utilisateur doit fournir une empreinte digitale.
  3. Une fois authentifié, l'assistant obtient une clé du KeyStore et chiffre le mot de passe à l'aide d'un Cipher .
  4. Le mot de passe et le sel IV (IV est recréé pour chaque cryptage et n'est pas réutilisé) sont enregistrés dans les préférences partagées pour être utilisés ultérieurement dans le processus de décryptage.

Décryptage:

  1. L'utilisateur demande à décrypter le mot de passe.
  2. L'utilisateur doit fournir une empreinte digitale.
  3. L'assistant construit un Cipher à l'aide de l'IV et, une fois l'utilisateur authentifié, le KeyStore obtient une clé du KeyStore et déchiffre le mot de passe.
public class FingerPrintAuthHelper {

    private static final String FINGER_PRINT_HELPER = "FingerPrintAuthHelper";
    private static final String ENCRYPTED_PASS_SHARED_PREF_KEY = "ENCRYPTED_PASS_SHARED_PREF_KEY";
    private static final String LAST_USED_IV_SHARED_PREF_KEY = "LAST_USED_IV_SHARED_PREF_KEY";
    private static final String MY_APP_ALIAS = "MY_APP_ALIAS";

    private KeyguardManager keyguardManager;
    private FingerprintManager fingerprintManager;

    private final Context context;
    private KeyStore keyStore;
    private KeyGenerator keyGenerator;

    private String lastError;


    public interface Callback {
        void onSuccess(String savedPass);

        void onFailure(String message);

        void onHelp(int helpCode, String helpString);
    }

    public FingerPrintAuthHelper(Context context) {
        this.context = context;
    }

    public String getLastError() {
        return lastError;
    }

    @TargetApi(Build.VERSION_CODES.M)
    public boolean init() {
        if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT < Build.VERSION_CODES.M) {
            setError("This Android version does not support fingerprint authentication");
            return false;
        }

        keyguardManager = (KeyguardManager) context.getSystemService(KEYGUARD_SERVICE);
        fingerprintManager = (FingerprintManager) context.getSystemService(FINGERPRINT_SERVICE);

        if (!keyguardManager.isKeyguardSecure()) {
            setError("User hasn't enabled Lock Screen");
            return false;
        }

        if (!hasPermission()) {
            setError("User hasn't granted permission to use Fingerprint");
            return false;
        }

        if (!fingerprintManager.hasEnrolledFingerprints()) {
            setError("User hasn't registered any fingerprints");
            return false;
        }

        if (!initKeyStore()) {
            return false;
        }
        return false;
    }

    @Nullable
    @RequiresApi(api = Build.VERSION_CODES.M)
    private Cipher createCipher(int mode) throws NoSuchPaddingException, NoSuchAlgorithmException, UnrecoverableKeyException, KeyStoreException, InvalidKeyException, InvalidAlgorithmParameterException {
        Cipher cipher = Cipher.getInstance(KeyProperties.KEY_ALGORITHM_AES + "/" +
                KeyProperties.BLOCK_MODE_CBC + "/" +
                KeyProperties.ENCRYPTION_PADDING_PKCS7);

        Key key = keyStore.getKey(MY_APP_ALIAS, null);
        if (key == null) {
            return null;
        }
        if(mode == Cipher.ENCRYPT_MODE) {
            cipher.init(mode, key);
            byte[] iv = cipher.getIV();
            saveIv(iv);
        } else {
            byte[] lastIv = getLastIv();
            cipher.init(mode, key, new IvParameterSpec(lastIv));
        }
        return cipher;
    }

    @NonNull
    @RequiresApi(api = Build.VERSION_CODES.M)
    private KeyGenParameterSpec createKeyGenParameterSpec() {
        return new KeyGenParameterSpec.Builder(MY_APP_ALIAS, KeyProperties.PURPOSE_ENCRYPT | KeyProperties.PURPOSE_DECRYPT)
                        .setBlockModes(KeyProperties.BLOCK_MODE_CBC)
                        .setUserAuthenticationRequired(true)
                        .setEncryptionPaddings(KeyProperties.ENCRYPTION_PADDING_PKCS7)
                        .build();
    }

    @RequiresApi(api = Build.VERSION_CODES.M)
    private boolean initKeyStore() {
        try {
            keyStore = KeyStore.getInstance("AndroidKeyStore");
            keyGenerator = KeyGenerator.getInstance(KeyProperties.KEY_ALGORITHM_AES, "AndroidKeyStore");
            keyStore.load(null);
            if (getLastIv() == null) {
                KeyGenParameterSpec keyGeneratorSpec = createKeyGenParameterSpec();
                keyGenerator.init(keyGeneratorSpec);
                keyGenerator.generateKey();
            }
        } catch (Throwable t) {
            setError("Failed init of keyStore & keyGenerator: " + t.getMessage());
            return false;
        }
        return true;
    }

    @RequiresApi(api = Build.VERSION_CODES.M)
    private void authenticate(CancellationSignal cancellationSignal, FingerPrintAuthenticationListener authListener, int mode) {
        try {
            if (hasPermission()) {
                Cipher cipher = createCipher(mode);
                FingerprintManager.CryptoObject crypto = new FingerprintManager.CryptoObject(cipher);
                fingerprintManager.authenticate(crypto, cancellationSignal, 0, authListener, null);
            } else {
                authListener.getCallback().onFailure("User hasn't granted permission to use Fingerprint");
            }
        } catch (Throwable t) {
            authListener.getCallback().onFailure("An error occurred: " + t.getMessage());
        }
    }

    private String getSavedEncryptedPassword() {
        SharedPreferences sharedPreferences = getSharedPreferences();
        if (sharedPreferences != null) {
            return sharedPreferences.getString(ENCRYPTED_PASS_SHARED_PREF_KEY, null);
        }
        return null;
    }

    private void saveEncryptedPassword(String encryptedPassword) {
        SharedPreferences.Editor edit = getSharedPreferences().edit();
        edit.putString(ENCRYPTED_PASS_SHARED_PREF_KEY, encryptedPassword);
        edit.commit();
    }

    private byte[] getLastIv() {
        SharedPreferences sharedPreferences = getSharedPreferences();
        if (sharedPreferences != null) {
            String ivString = sharedPreferences.getString(LAST_USED_IV_SHARED_PREF_KEY, null);

            if (ivString != null) {
                return decodeBytes(ivString);
            }
        }
        return null;
    }

    private void saveIv(byte[] iv) {
        SharedPreferences.Editor edit = getSharedPreferences().edit();
        String string = encodeBytes(iv);
        edit.putString(LAST_USED_IV_SHARED_PREF_KEY, string);
        edit.commit();
    }

    private SharedPreferences getSharedPreferences() {
        return context.getSharedPreferences(FINGER_PRINT_HELPER, 0);
    }

    @RequiresApi(api = Build.VERSION_CODES.M)
    private boolean hasPermission() {
        return ActivityCompat.checkSelfPermission(context, Manifest.permission.USE_FINGERPRINT) == PackageManager.PERMISSION_GRANTED;
    }

    @RequiresApi(api = Build.VERSION_CODES.M)
    public void savePassword(@NonNull String password, CancellationSignal cancellationSignal, Callback callback) {
        authenticate(cancellationSignal, new FingerPrintEncryptPasswordListener(callback, password), Cipher.ENCRYPT_MODE);
    }

    @RequiresApi(api = Build.VERSION_CODES.M)
    public void getPassword(CancellationSignal cancellationSignal, Callback callback) {
        authenticate(cancellationSignal, new FingerPrintDecryptPasswordListener(callback), Cipher.DECRYPT_MODE);
    }

    @RequiresApi(api = Build.VERSION_CODES.M)
    public boolean encryptPassword(Cipher cipher, String password) {
        try {
            // Encrypt the text
            if(password.isEmpty()) {
                setError("Password is empty");
                return false;
            }

            if (cipher == null) {
                setError("Could not create cipher");
                return false;
            }

            ByteArrayOutputStream outputStream = new ByteArrayOutputStream();
            CipherOutputStream cipherOutputStream = new CipherOutputStream(outputStream, cipher);
            byte[] bytes = password.getBytes(Charset.defaultCharset());
            cipherOutputStream.write(bytes);
            cipherOutputStream.flush();
            cipherOutputStream.close();
            saveEncryptedPassword(encodeBytes(outputStream.toByteArray()));
        } catch (Throwable t) {
            setError("Encryption failed " + t.getMessage());
            return false;
        }

        return true;
    }

    private byte[] decodeBytes(String s) {
        final int len = s.length();

        // "111" is not a valid hex encoding.
        if( len%2 != 0 )
            throw new IllegalArgumentException("hexBinary needs to be even-length: "+s);

        byte[] out = new byte[len/2];

        for( int i=0; i<len; i+=2 ) {
            int h = hexToBin(s.charAt(i  ));
            int l = hexToBin(s.charAt(i+1));
            if( h==-1 || l==-1 )
                throw new IllegalArgumentException("contains illegal character for hexBinary: "+s);

            out[i/2] = (byte)(h*16+l);
        }

        return out;
    }

    private static int hexToBin( char ch ) {
        if( '0'<=ch && ch<='9' )    return ch-'0';
        if( 'A'<=ch && ch<='F' )    return ch-'A'+10;
        if( 'a'<=ch && ch<='f' )    return ch-'a'+10;
        return -1;
    }

    private static final char[] hexCode = "0123456789ABCDEF".toCharArray();

    public String encodeBytes(byte[] data) {
        StringBuilder r = new StringBuilder(data.length*2);
        for ( byte b : data) {
            r.append(hexCode[(b >> 4) & 0xF]);
            r.append(hexCode[(b & 0xF)]);
        }
        return r.toString();
    }

    @NonNull
    private String decipher(Cipher cipher) throws IOException, IllegalBlockSizeException, BadPaddingException {
        String retVal = null;
        String savedEncryptedPassword = getSavedEncryptedPassword();
        if (savedEncryptedPassword != null) {
            byte[] decodedPassword = decodeBytes(savedEncryptedPassword);
            CipherInputStream cipherInputStream = new CipherInputStream(new ByteArrayInputStream(decodedPassword), cipher);

            ArrayList<Byte> values = new ArrayList<>();
            int nextByte;
            while ((nextByte = cipherInputStream.read()) != -1) {
                values.add((byte) nextByte);
            }
            cipherInputStream.close();

            byte[] bytes = new byte[values.size()];
            for (int i = 0; i < values.size(); i++) {
                bytes[i] = values.get(i).byteValue();
            }

            retVal = new String(bytes, Charset.defaultCharset());
        }
        return retVal;
    }

    private void setError(String error) {
        lastError = error;
        Log.w(FINGER_PRINT_HELPER, lastError);
    }

    @RequiresApi(Build.VERSION_CODES.M)
    protected class FingerPrintAuthenticationListener extends FingerprintManager.AuthenticationCallback {

        protected final Callback callback;

        public FingerPrintAuthenticationListener(@NonNull Callback callback) {
            this.callback = callback;
        }

        public void onAuthenticationError(int errorCode, CharSequence errString) {
            callback.onFailure("Authentication error [" + errorCode + "] " + errString);
        }

        /**
         * Called when a recoverable error has been encountered during authentication. The help
         * string is provided to give the user guidance for what went wrong, such as
         * "Sensor dirty, please clean it."
         * @param helpCode An integer identifying the error message
         * @param helpString A human-readable string that can be shown in UI
         */
        public void onAuthenticationHelp(int helpCode, CharSequence helpString) {
            callback.onHelp(helpCode, helpString.toString());
        }

        /**
         * Called when a fingerprint is recognized.
         * @param result An object containing authentication-related data
         */
        public void onAuthenticationSucceeded(FingerprintManager.AuthenticationResult result) {
        }

        /**
         * Called when a fingerprint is valid but not recognized.
         */
        public void onAuthenticationFailed() {
            callback.onFailure("Authentication failed");
        }

        public @NonNull
        Callback getCallback() {
            return callback;
        }

    }

    @RequiresApi(api = Build.VERSION_CODES.M)
    private class FingerPrintEncryptPasswordListener extends FingerPrintAuthenticationListener {

        private final String password;

        public FingerPrintEncryptPasswordListener(Callback callback, String password) {
            super(callback);
            this.password = password;
        }

        public void onAuthenticationSucceeded(FingerprintManager.AuthenticationResult result) {
            Cipher cipher = result.getCryptoObject().getCipher();
            try {
                if (encryptPassword(cipher, password)) {
                    callback.onSuccess("Encrypted");
                } else {
                    callback.onFailure("Encryption failed");
                }

            } catch (Exception e) {
                callback.onFailure("Encryption failed " + e.getMessage());
            }
        }
    }

    @RequiresApi(Build.VERSION_CODES.M)
    protected class FingerPrintDecryptPasswordListener extends FingerPrintAuthenticationListener {

        public FingerPrintDecryptPasswordListener(@NonNull Callback callback) {
            super(callback);
        }

        public void onAuthenticationSucceeded(FingerprintManager.AuthenticationResult result) {
            Cipher cipher = result.getCryptoObject().getCipher();
            try {
                String savedPass = decipher(cipher);
                if (savedPass != null) {
                    callback.onSuccess(savedPass);
                } else {
                    callback.onFailure("Failed deciphering");
                }

            } catch (Exception e) {
                callback.onFailure("Deciphering failed " + e.getMessage());
            }
        }
    }
}

Cette activité ci-dessous est un exemple très simple de la manière d'obtenir un mot de passe enregistré par l'utilisateur et d'interagir avec l'aide.

public class MainActivity extends AppCompatActivity {
    
    private TextView passwordTextView;
    private FingerPrintAuthHelper fingerPrintAuthHelper;

    @Override
    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        passwordTextView = (TextView) findViewById(R.id.password);
        errorTextView = (TextView) findViewById(R.id.error);

        View savePasswordButton = findViewById(R.id.set_password_button);
        savePasswordButton.setOnClickListener(new View.OnClickListener() {
            @Override
            public void onClick(View v) {
                if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= Build.VERSION_CODES.M) {
                    fingerPrintAuthHelper.savePassword(passwordTextView.getText().toString(), new CancellationSignal(), getAuthListener(false));
                }
            }
        });

        View getPasswordButton = findViewById(R.id.get_password_button);
        getPasswordButton.setOnClickListener(new View.OnClickListener() {
            @Override
            public void onClick(View v) {
                if (Build.VERSION.SDK_INT >= Build.VERSION_CODES.M) {
                    fingerPrintAuthHelper.getPassword(new CancellationSignal(), getAuthListener(true));
                }
            }
        });
    }

    // Start the finger print helper. In case this fails show error to user
    private void startFingerPrintAuthHelper() {
        fingerPrintAuthHelper = new FingerPrintAuthHelper(this);
        if (!fingerPrintAuthHelper.init()) {
            errorTextView.setText(fingerPrintAuthHelper.getLastError());
        }
    }

    @NonNull
    private FingerPrintAuthHelper.Callback getAuthListener(final boolean isGetPass) {
        return new FingerPrintAuthHelper.Callback() {
            @Override
            public void onSuccess(String result) {
                if (isGetPass) {
                    errorTextView.setText("Success!!! Pass = " + result);
                } else {
                    errorTextView.setText("Encrypted pass = " + result);
                }
            }

            @Override
            public void onFailure(String message) {
                errorTextView.setText("Failed - " + message);
            }

            @Override
            public void onHelp(int helpCode, String helpString) {
                errorTextView.setText("Help needed - " + helpString);
            }
        };
    }
}