Android Lire et écrire des valeurs dans SharedPreferences


Exemple

public class MyActivity extends Activity {

    private static final String PREFS_FILE = "NameOfYourPrefrenceFile";
    // PREFS_MODE defines which apps can access the file
    private static final int PREFS_MODE = Context.MODE_PRIVATE;
    // you can use live template "key" for quickly creating keys
    private static final String KEY_BOOLEAN = "KEY_FOR_YOUR_BOOLEAN";
    private static final String KEY_STRING = "KEY_FOR_YOUR_STRING";
    private static final String KEY_FLOAT = "KEY_FOR_YOUR_FLOAT";
    private static final String KEY_INT = "KEY_FOR_YOUR_INT";
    private static final String KEY_LONG = "KEY_FOR_YOUR_LONG";

    @Override
    protected void onStart() {
        super.onStart();
    
        // Get the saved flag (or default value if it hasn't been saved yet)
        SharedPreferences settings = getSharedPreferences(PREFS_FILE, PREFS_MODE);
        // read a boolean value (default false)
        boolean booleanVal = settings.getBoolean(KEY_BOOLEAN, false);
        // read an int value (Default 0)
        int intVal = settings.getInt(KEY_INT, 0);
        // read a string value (default "my string")
        String str = settings.getString(KEY_STRING, "my string");
        // read a long value (default 123456)
        long longVal = settings.getLong(KEY_LONG, 123456);
        // read a float value (default 3.14f)
        float floatVal = settings.getFloat(KEY_FLOAT, 3.14f);
    }

    @Override
    protected void onStop() {
        super.onStop();
        
        // Save the flag
        SharedPreferences settings = getSharedPreferences(PREFS_FILE, PREFS_MODE);
        SharedPreferences.Editor editor = settings.edit();
        // write a boolean value
        editor.putBoolean(KEY_BOOLEAN, true);
        // write an integer value
        editor.putInt(KEY_INT, 123);
        // write a string
        editor.putString(KEY_STRING, "string value");
        // write a long value
        editor.putLong(KEY_LONG, 456876451);
        // write a float value
        editor.putFloat(KEY_FLOAT, 1.51f);
        editor.apply();
    }
}

getSharedPreferences() est une méthode de la classe Context - dont l' Activity s'étend. Si vous devez accéder à la méthode getSharedPreferences() partir d'autres classes, vous pouvez utiliser context.getSharedPreferences() avec une référence d'objet de Context partir d'une Activity , d'une View ou d'une Application .