Java Language Implémentation du comportement de base de la ligne de commande


Exemple

Pour les prototypes de base ou le comportement de base de la ligne de commande, la boucle suivante est utile.

public class ExampleCli {

    private static final String CLI_LINE   = "example-cli>"; //console like string

    private static final String CMD_QUIT   = "quit";    //string for exiting the program
    private static final String CMD_HELLO  = "hello";    //string for printing "Hello World!" on the screen
    private static final String CMD_ANSWER = "answer";    //string for printing 42 on the screen

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        ExampleCli claimCli = new ExampleCli();    // creates an object of this class

        try {
            claimCli.start();    //calls the start function to do the work like console
        }
        catch (IOException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();    //prints the exception log if it is failed to do get the user input or something like that
        }
    }

    private void start() throws IOException {
        String cmd = "";
        
        BufferedReader reader = new BufferedReader(new InputStreamReader(System.in));
        while (!cmd.equals(CMD_QUIT)) {    // terminates console if user input is "quit"
            System.out.print(CLI_LINE);    //prints the console-like string 

            cmd = reader.readLine();    //takes input from user. user input should be started with "hello",  "answer" or "quit"
            String[] cmdArr = cmd.split(" ");

            if (cmdArr[0].equals(CMD_HELLO)) {    //executes when user input starts with "hello"
                hello(cmdArr);
            }
            else if (cmdArr[0].equals(CMD_ANSWER)) {    //executes when user input starts with "answer"
                answer(cmdArr);
            }
        }
    }
    
    // prints "Hello World!" on the screen if user input starts with "hello"
    private void hello(String[] cmdArr) {
        System.out.println("Hello World!");
    }
    
    // prints "42" on the screen if user input starts with "answer"
    private void answer(String[] cmdArr) {
        System.out.println("42");
    }
}