Python Language Iteration

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Example

A generator object supports the iterator protocol. That is, it provides a next() method (__next__() in Python 3.x), which is used to step through its execution, and its __iter__ method returns itself. This means that a generator can be used in any language construct which supports generic iterable objects.

# naive partial implementation of the Python 2.x xrange()
def xrange(n):
    i = 0
    while i < n:
        yield i
        i += 1

# looping
for i in xrange(10):
    print(i)  # prints the values 0, 1, ..., 9

# unpacking
a, b, c = xrange(3)  # 0, 1, 2

# building a list
l = list(xrange(10))  # [0, 1, ..., 9]
Refactoring list-building code