The base64 module also includes encoding and decoding functions for Base16. Base 16 is most commonly referred to as hexadecimal. These functions are very similar to the both the Base64 and Base32 functions:
import base64 # Creating a string s = "Hello World!" # Encoding the string into bytes b = s.encode("UTF-8") # Base16 Encode the bytes e = base64.b16encode(b) # Decoding the Base16 bytes to string s1 = e.decode("UTF-8") # Printing Base16 encoded string print("Base16 Encoded:", s1) # Encoding the Base16 encoded string into bytes b1 = s1.encode("UTF-8") # Decoding the Base16 bytes d = base64.b16decode(b1) # Decoding the bytes to string s2 = d.decode("UTF-8") print(s2)
This would produce the following output:
Base16 Encoded: 48656C6C6F20576F726C6421 Hello World!