VB.NET Data Types

Data types refer to an extensive system used for declaring variables or functions of different types.

  • In VB.NET, a data type is used to define a variable's type or function in a program.
  • Data types determine the type of data that any variable can store.
  • Variables belonging to different data types are allocated different amounts of space in the memory.

VB.Net provides a wide range of data types. The following table shows the Visual Basic data types, their supporting common language runtime types, their nominal storage allocation, and their value ranges.

Visual Basic Type CLR Type Structure Nominal Storage Allocation Value range
Boolean Boolean Depends on implementing platform True or False
Byte Byte 1 byte 0 through 255 (unsigned)
Char Char 2 bytes 0 through 65535 (unsigned)
Date DateTime 8 bytes 0:00:00 (midnight) on January 1, 0001 through 11:59:59 PM on December 31, 9999
Decimal Decimal 16 bytes 0 through +/-79,228,162,514,264,337,593,543,950,335 (+/-7.9...E+28) with no decimal point;

0 through +/-7.9228162514264337593543950335 with 28 places to the right of the decimal;

smallest nonzero number is +/-0.0000000000000000000000000001 (+/-1E-28)
Double Double 8 bytes -1.79769313486231570E+308 through -4.94065645841246544E-324, for negative values;

4.94065645841246544E-324 through 1.79769313486231570E+308 † for positive values
Integer Int32 4 bytes -2,147,483,648 through 2,147,483,647 (signed)
Long Int64 8 bytes -9,223,372,036,854,775,808 through 9,223,372,036,854,775,807 (9.2...E+18) (signed)
Object Object 4 bytes on 32-bit platform

8 bytes on 64-bit platform
Any type can be stored in a variable of type Object
SByte SByte 1 byte -128 through 127 (signed)
Short Int16 2 bytes -32,768 through 32,767 (signed)
Single Single 4 bytes -3.4028235E+38 through -1.401298E-45 for negative values;

1.401298E-45 through 3.4028235E+38 † for positive values
String String Depends on implementing platform 0 to approximately 2 billion Unicode characters
UInteger UInt32 4 bytes 0 through 4,294,967,295 (unsigned)
ULong UInt64 8 bytes 0 through 18,446,744,073,709,551,615 (1.8...E+19) (unsigned)
User-Defined (structure) (inherits from ValueType) Depends on implementing platform Each member of the structure has a range determined by its data type and independent of the ranges of the other members
UShort UInt16 2 bytes 0 through 65,535 (unsigned)

A Data Type refers to which type of data or value is assigning to a variable or function so that a variable can hold a defined data type value. The basic syntax of declaring a variable is as follows:

Dim VarName as DataType
  • VarName: It defines the name of the variable that you assign to store values.
  • DataType: It represents the name of the data type that you assign to a variable.