Android Sending an HTTP POST request with parameters


Example

Use a HashMap to store the parameters that should be sent to the server through POST parameters:

HashMap<String, String> params;

Once the params HashMap is populated, create the StringBuilder that will be used to send them to the server:

    StringBuilder sbParams = new StringBuilder();
    int i = 0;
    for (String key : params.keySet()) {
        try {
            if (i != 0){
                sbParams.append("&");
            }
            sbParams.append(key).append("=")
                    .append(URLEncoder.encode(params.get(key), "UTF-8"));

        } catch (UnsupportedEncodingException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
        i++;
    }

Then, create the HttpURLConnection, open the connection, and send the POST parameters:

try{
    String url = "http://www.example.com/test.php";
    URL urlObj = new URL(url);
    HttpURLConnection conn = (HttpURLConnection) urlObj.openConnection();
    conn.setDoOutput(true);
    conn.setRequestMethod("POST");
    conn.setRequestProperty("Accept-Charset", "UTF-8");
    
    conn.setReadTimeout(10000);
    conn.setConnectTimeout(15000);
    
    conn.connect();
    
    String paramsString = sbParams.toString();
    
    DataOutputStream wr = new DataOutputStream(conn.getOutputStream());
    wr.writeBytes(paramsString);
    wr.flush();
    wr.close();
} catch (IOException e) {
  e.printStackTrace();
}

Then receive the result that the server sends back:

try {
  InputStream in = new BufferedInputStream(conn.getInputStream());
  BufferedReader reader = new BufferedReader(new InputStreamReader(in));
  StringBuilder result = new StringBuilder();
  String line;
  while ((line = reader.readLine()) != null) {
    result.append(line);
  }

  Log.d("test", "result from server: " + result.toString());

} catch (IOException e) {
  e.printStackTrace();
} finally {
    if (conn != null) {
        conn.disconnect();
    }
}