Android Fragments Sending events back to an activity with callback interface


Example

If you need to send events from fragment to activity, one of the possible solutions is to define callback interface and require that the host activity implement it.

Example

Send callback to an activity, when fragment's button clicked

First of all, define callback interface:
public interface SampleCallback {
    void onButtonClicked();
}

Next step is to assign this callback in fragment:

public final class SampleFragment extends Fragment {

    private SampleCallback callback;

    @Override
    public void onAttach(Context context) {
        super.onAttach(context);
        if (context instanceof SampleCallback) {
            callback = (SampleCallback) context;
        } else {
            throw new RuntimeException(context.toString()
                    + " must implement SampleCallback");
        }
    }

    @Override
    public void onDetach() {
        super.onDetach();
        callback = null;
    }

    @Override
    public View onCreateView(LayoutInflater inflater, ViewGroup container, Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        final View view = inflater.inflate(R.layout.sample, container, false);
        // Add button's click listener
        view.findViewById(R.id.actionButton).setOnClickListener(new View.OnClickListener() {
            public void onClick(View v) {
                callback.onButtonClicked(); // Invoke callback here
            }
        });
        return view;
    }
}

And finally, implement callback in activity:

public final class SampleActivity extends Activity implements SampleCallback {

    // ... Skipped code with settings content view and presenting the fragment

    @Override
    public void onButtonClicked() {
        // Invoked when fragment's button has been clicked
    }
}