C++ Type Inference Lambda auto


The data type auto keyword is a convenient way for programmers to declare lambda functions. It helps by shortening the amount of text programmers need to type to declare a function pointer.

auto DoThis = [](int a, int b) { return a + b; };
//    Do this is of type (int)(*DoThis)(int, int)
//    else we would have to write this long
int(*pDoThis)(int, int)= [](int a, int b) { return a + b; };

auto c = Dothis(1, 2);    //    c = int
auto d = pDothis(1, 2);   //    d = int

//    using 'auto' shortens the definition for lambda functions

By default, if the return type of lambda functions is not defined, it will be automatically inferred from the return expression types.

These 3 is basically the same thing

[](int a, int b) -> int  { return a + b; };
[](int a, int b) -> auto { return a + b; };
[](int a, int b) { return a + b; };