C++ std::integer_sequence Create a parameter pack consisting of integers


Example

std::integer_sequence itself is about holding a sequence of integers which can be turned into a parameter pack. Its primary value is the possibility to create "factory" class templates creating these sequences:

#include <iostream>
#include <initializer_list>
#include <utility>

template <typename T, T... I>
void print_sequence(std::integer_sequence<T, I...>) {
    std::initializer_list<bool>{ bool(std::cout << I << ' ')... };
    std::cout << '\n';
}

template <int Offset, typename T, T... I>
void print_offset_sequence(std::integer_sequence<T, I...>) {
    print_sequence(std::integer_sequence<T, T(I + Offset)...>());
}

int main() {
    // explicitly specify sequences:
    print_sequence(std::integer_sequence<int, 1, 2, 3>());
    print_sequence(std::integer_sequence<char, 'f', 'o', 'o'>());

    // generate sequences:
    print_sequence(std::make_index_sequence<10>());
    print_sequence(std::make_integer_sequence<short, 10>());
    print_offset_sequence<'A'>(std::make_integer_sequence<char, 26>());
}

The print_sequence() function template uses an std::initializer_list<bool> when expanding the integer sequence to guarantee the order of evaluation and not creating an unused [array] variable.