Java Language File I/O File Read/Write Using FileInputStream/FileOutputStream


Example

Write to a file test.txt:

String filepath ="C:\\test.txt";
FileOutputStream fos = null;
try {
      fos = new FileOutputStream(filepath);
      byte[] buffer = "This will be written in test.txt".getBytes();
      fos.write(buffer, 0, buffer.length);
      fos.close();
} catch (FileNotFoundException e) {
      e.printStackTrace();
} catch (IOException e) {
      e.printStackTrace();
} finally{
      if(fos != null)
        fos.close();
}

Read from file test.txt:

String filepath ="C:\\test.txt";        
FileInputStream fis = null;
try {
   fis = new FileInputStream(filepath);
   int length = (int) new File(filepath).length();
   byte[] buffer = new byte[length];
   fis.read(buffer, 0, length);
} catch (FileNotFoundException e) {
     e.printStackTrace();
} catch (IOException e) {
     e.printStackTrace();
} finally{
   if(fis != null)
     fis.close();
}

Note, that since Java 1.7 the try-with-resources statement was introduced what made implementation of reading\writing operation much simpler:

Write to a file test.txt:

String filepath ="C:\\test.txt";
try (FileOutputStream fos = new FileOutputStream(filepath)){
    byte[] buffer = "This will be written in test.txt".getBytes();
    fos.write(buffer, 0, buffer.length);
} catch (FileNotFoundException e) {
    e.printStackTrace();
} catch (IOException e) {
    e.printStackTrace();
}

Read from file test.txt:

String filepath ="C:\\test.txt";
try (FileInputStream fis = new FileInputStream(filepath)){
    int length = (int) new File(filepath).length();
    byte[] buffer = new byte[length];
    fis.read(buffer, 0, length);
} catch (FileNotFoundException e) {
    e.printStackTrace();
} catch (IOException e) {
    e.printStackTrace();
}