Java Language Parsing multiple XPath Expressions in a single XML


Example

Using the same example as Evaluating a NodeList in an XML document, here is how you would make multiple XPath calls efficiently:

Given the following XML document:

<documentation>
    <tags>
        <tag name="Java">
            <topic name="Regular expressions">
                <example>Matching groups</example>
                <example>Escaping metacharacters</example>
            </topic>
            <topic name="Arrays">
                <example>Looping over arrays</example>
                <example>Converting an array to a list</example>
            </topic>
        </tag>
        <tag name="Android">
            <topic name="Building Android projects">
                <example>Building an Android application using Gradle</example>
                <example>Building an Android application using Maven</example>
            </topic>
            <topic name="Layout resources">
                <example>Including layout resources</example>
                <example>Supporting multiple device screens</example>
            </topic>
        </tag>
    </tags>
</documentation>

This is how you would use XPath to evaluate multiple expressions in one document:

XPath xPath = XPathFactory.newInstance().newXPath(); //Make new XPath
DocumentBuilder builder = DocumentBuilderFactory.newInstance();
Document doc = builder.parse(new File("path/to/xml.xml")); //Specify XML file path

NodeList javaExampleNodes = (NodeList) xPath.evaluate("/documentation/tags/tag[@name='Java']//example", doc, XPathConstants.NODESET); //Evaluate the XPath
xPath.reset(); //Resets the xPath so it can be used again
NodeList androidExampleNodes = (NodeList) xPath.evaluate("/documentation/tags/tag[@name='Android']//example", doc, XPathConstants.NODESET); //Evaluate the XPath

...