Java Language Matching with a regex literal.


If you need to match characters that are a part of the regular expression syntax you can mark all or part of the pattern as a regex literal.

\Q marks the beginning of the regex literal. \E marks the end of the regex literal.

// the following throws a PatternSyntaxException because of the un-closed bracket

// wrapping the bracket in \Q and \E allows the pattern to match as you would expect.
"[123".matches("\\Q[\\E123"); // returns true

An easier way of doing it without having to remember the \Q and \E escape sequences is to use Pattern.quote()

"[123".matches(Pattern.quote("[") + "123"); // returns true