Android Remote server authentication using StringRequest through POST method


Example

For the sake of this example, let us assume that we have a server for handling the POST requests that we will be making from our Android app:

// User input data.
String email = "my@email.com";
String password = "123";

// Our server URL for handling POST requests.
String URL = "http://my.server.com/login.php";

// When we create a StringRequest (or a JSONRequest) for sending
// data with Volley, we specify the Request Method as POST, and 
// the URL that will be receiving our data.
StringRequest stringRequest = 
    new StringRequest(Request.Method.POST, URL, 
    new Response.Listener<String>() {
        @Override
        public void onResponse(String response) {
            // At this point, Volley has sent the data to your URL
            // and has a response back from it. I'm going to assume
            // that the server sends an "OK" string.
            if (response.equals("OK")) {
                // Do login stuff.
            } else {
                // So the server didn't return an "OK" response.
                // Depending on what you did to handle errors on your
                // server, you can decide what action to take here.
            }
        }
    },
    new Response.ErrorListener() {
        @Override
        public void onErrorResponse(VolleyError error) {      
            // This is when errors related to Volley happen.
            // It's up to you what to do if that should happen, but
            // it's usually not a good idea to be too clear as to
            // what happened here to your users.
        }
    }) {
        @Override
        protected Map<String, String> getParams() throws AuthFailureError {
            // Here is where we tell Volley what it should send in
            // our POST request. For this example, we want to send
            // both the email and the password. 
            
            // We will need key ids for our data, so our server can know
            // what is what.
            String key_email = "email";
            String key_password = "password";

            Map<String, String> map = new HashMap<String, String>();
            // map.put(key, value);
            map.put(key_email, email);
            map.put(key_password, password);
            return map;
        }
    };

    // This is a policy that we need to specify to tell Volley, what
    // to do if it gets a timeout, how many times to retry, etc.
    stringRequest.setRetryPolicy(new RetryPolicy() {
            @Override
            public int getCurrentTimeout() {
                // Here goes the timeout.
                // The number is in milliseconds, 5000 is usually enough,
                // but you can up or low that number to fit your needs.
                return 50000;
            }
            @Override
            public int getCurrentRetryCount() {
                // The maximum number of attempts.
                // Again, the number can be anything you need.
                return 50000;
            }
            @Override
            public void retry(VolleyError error) throws VolleyError {
                // Here you could check if the retry count has gotten
                // to the maximum number, and if so, send a VolleyError
                // message or similar. For the sake of the example, I'll 
                // show a Toast.  
                Toast.makeText(getContext(), error.toString(), Toast.LENGTH_LONG).show();
            }
    });
    
    // And finally, we create a Volley Queue. For this example, I'm using
    // getContext(), because I was working with a Fragment. But context could
    // be "this", "getContext()", etc.
    RequestQueue requestQueue = Volley.newRequestQueue(getContext());
    requestQueue.add(stringRequest);

} else { 
    // If, for example, the user inputs an email that is not currently
    // on your remote DB, here's where we can inform the user.
    Toast.makeText(getContext(), "Wrong email", Toast.LENGTH_LONG).show();
}