Java Language Exemple simple de RMI avec implémentation client et serveur


Exemple

Ceci est un exemple simple de RMI avec cinq classes Java et deux packages, serveur et client .

Package de serveur

PersonListInterface.java

public interface PersonListInterface extends Remote
{
    /**
     * This interface is used by both client and server
     * @return List of Persons
     * @throws RemoteException
     */
    ArrayList<String> getPersonList() throws RemoteException;
}

PersonListImplementation.java

public class PersonListImplementation 
extends UnicastRemoteObject 
implements PersonListInterface
{

    private static final long serialVersionUID = 1L;

    // standard constructor needs to be available
    public PersonListImplementation() throws RemoteException
    {}

    /**
     * Implementation of "PersonListInterface"
     * @throws RemoteException
     */
    @Override
    public ArrayList<String> getPersonList() throws RemoteException
    {
        ArrayList<String> personList = new ArrayList<String>();
        
        personList.add("Peter Pan");
        personList.add("Pippi Langstrumpf");
        // add your name here :)
        
        return personList;
    }
}

Server.java

public class Server {

    /**
     * Register servicer to the known public methods
     */
    private static void createServer() {
        try {
            // Register registry with standard port 1099
            LocateRegistry.createRegistry(Registry.REGISTRY_PORT);
            System.out.println("Server : Registry created.");

            // Register PersonList to registry 
            Naming.rebind("PersonList", new PersonListImplementation());
            System.out.println("Server : PersonList registered");

        } catch (final IOException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
    }

    public static void main(final String[] args) {
        createServer();
    }
}

Package client

PersonListLocal.java

public class PersonListLocal {
    private static PersonListLocal instance;
    private PersonListInterface personList;

    /**
     * Create a singleton instance
     */
    private PersonListLocal() {
        try {
            // Lookup to the local running server with port 1099
            final Registry registry = LocateRegistry.getRegistry("localhost",
                    Registry.REGISTRY_PORT);

            // Lookup to the registered "PersonList"
            personList = (PersonListInterface) registry.lookup("PersonList");
        } catch (final RemoteException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        } catch (final NotBoundException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
    }

    public static PersonListLocal getInstance() {
        if (instance == null) {
            instance = new PersonListLocal();
        }

        return instance;
    }

    /**
     * Returns the servers PersonList
     */
    public ArrayList<String> getPersonList() {
        if (instance != null) {
            try {
                return personList.getPersonList();
            } catch (final RemoteException e) {
                e.printStackTrace();
            }
        }

        return new ArrayList<>();
    }
       }

PersonTest.java

public class PersonTest
{
    public static void main(String[] args)
    {
        // get (local) PersonList 
        ArrayList<String> personList = PersonListLocal.getInstance().getPersonList();
        
        // print all persons
        for(String person : personList)
        {
            System.out.println(person);
        }
    }
}

Testez votre application

  • Démarrez la méthode principale de Server.java. Sortie:
Server : Registry created.
Server : PersonList registered
  • Commencez la méthode principale de PersonTest.java. Sortie:
Peter Pan
Pippi Langstrumpf