Java Language Client-Server: invoking methods in one JVM from another


Example

The shared remote interface:

package remote;

import java.rmi.Remote;
import java.rmi.RemoteException;

public interface RemoteServer extends Remote {

    int stringToInt(String string) throws RemoteException;
}

The server implementing the shared remote interface:

package server;

import java.rmi.RemoteException;
import java.rmi.registry.LocateRegistry;
import java.rmi.registry.Registry;
import java.rmi.server.UnicastRemoteObject;

import remote.RemoteServer;

public class Server implements RemoteServer {

    @Override
    public int stringToInt(String string) throws RemoteException {

        System.out.println("Server received: \"" + string + "\"");
        return Integer.parseInt(string);
    }

    public static void main(String[] args) {

        try {
            Registry reg = LocateRegistry.createRegistry(Registry.REGISTRY_PORT);
            Server server = new Server();
            UnicastRemoteObject.exportObject(server, Registry.REGISTRY_PORT);
            reg.rebind("ServerName", server);
        } catch (RemoteException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
    }
}

The client invoking a method on the server (remotely):

package client;

import java.rmi.NotBoundException;
import java.rmi.RemoteException;
import java.rmi.registry.LocateRegistry;
import java.rmi.registry.Registry;

import remote.RemoteServer;

public class Client {

    static RemoteServer server;

    public static void main(String[] args) {

        try {
            Registry reg = LocateRegistry.getRegistry();
            server = (RemoteServer) reg.lookup("ServerName");
        } catch (RemoteException | NotBoundException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }

        Client client = new Client();
        client.callServer();
    }

    void callServer() {
    
        try {
            int i = server.stringToInt("120");
            System.out.println("Client received: " + i);
        } catch (RemoteException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
        }
    }
}

Output:

Server received: "120"
Client received: 120