Java Language Converting to and from Strings Conversion to / from bytes


To encode a string into a byte array, you can simply use the String#getBytes() method, with one of the standard character sets available on any Java runtime:

byte[] bytes = "test".getBytes(StandardCharsets.UTF_8);

and to decode:

String testString = new String(bytes, StandardCharsets.UTF_8);

you can further simplify the call by using a static import:

import static java.nio.charset.StandardCharsets.UTF_8;
byte[] bytes = "test".getBytes(UTF_8);

For less common character sets you can indicate the character set with a string:

byte[] bytes = "test".getBytes("UTF-8");

and the reverse:

String testString = new String (bytes, "UTF-8");

this does however mean that you have to handle the checked UnsupportedCharsetException.

The following call will use the default character set. The default character set is platform specific and generally differs between Windows, Mac and Linux platforms.

byte[] bytes = "test".getBytes();

and the reverse:

String testString = new String(bytes);

Note that invalid characters and bytes may be replaced or skipped by these methods. For more control - for instance for validating input - you're encouraged to use the CharsetEncoder and CharsetDecoder classes.