C# Strings

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A string is an object of type System.String whose value is text. Internally, the text is stored as a sequential read-only collection of Char objects.

  • In C#, the string keyword is an alias for System.String, so, String and string are equivalent, and you can use whichever naming convention you prefer.
  • A string can contain any number of embedded null characters ('\0'), because there is no null-terminating character at the end of a string.
  • The Length of a string represents the number of Char objects it contains, not the number of Unicode characters.

String Declaration and Initialization

The string declaration and initialization can be done in different ways.

You can declare the string variable without initialization as shown below.

string str1;

You can declare and initialize a string variable to null.

string str2 = null;

You can also declare and initialize a string variable to an empty string, use the Empty constant instead of the literal "".

string str3 = string.Empty;

To declare and initialize a string variable with a regular string literal.

string sqlServerPath = "C:\\Program Files (x86)\\Microsoft SQL Server";

To declare and initialize a string variable with a verbatim string literal.

string vsPath = @"C:\Program Files (x86)\Microsoft Visual Studio\2019\Community";

In local variables, you can use implicit typing.

var str4 = "It is a sample message of a strongly-typed System.String!";

You can use a const string to prevent it from being used to store another string value.

const string str5 = "You can't change me now";

If you try to assign another value to the str5 which is constant, you will see an error.

You can use the String constructor only when creating a string from a char*, char[], or sbyte*.

char[] letters = { 'A', 'B', 'C' };
string alphabet = new string(letters);

You can concatenate multiple string variables using the + operator.

string firstName = "John ";
string lastName = "Doe";
string name = firstName + lastName;

Special Characters

A text in the real world can include any character such as double quote ("), single quote ('), etc. In C#, a string is surrounded with double quotes, you can't include these special characters include in a string directly. To use them in a string you will need to include escaping character \ (backslash) before these special characters.

Escape sequence Character
' Single quote
" Double quote
\ Backslash
\0 Null
\a Alert
\b Backspace
\f Form feed
\n New line
\r Carriage return
\t Horizontal tab
\v Vertical tab
string text = "This is a \"string\" in C#.";

For more information about strings, visit https://docs.microsoft.com/en-us/dotnet/csharp/programming-guide/strings/

All the examples related to the strings are available in the Strings.cs file of the source code. Download the source code and try out all the examples for better understanding.

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