iOS Key Value Coding-Key Value Observation Observing a property of a NSObject subclass

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Most KVO and KVC functionality is already implemented by default on all NSObject subclasses.

To start observing a property named firstName of an object named personObject do this in the observing class:

[personObject addObserver:self

The object that self in the above code refers to will then receive a observeValueForKeyPath:ofObject:change:context: message whenever the observed key path changes.

- (void)observeValueForKeyPath:(NSString *)keyPath
                        change:(NSDictionary<NSString *,id> *)change
                       context:(void *)context
    NSLog(@"new value of %@ is: %@", keyPath, change[NSKeyValueChangeNewKey]);

"Key path" is a KVC term. NSObject subclasses implement KVC functionality by default.

An instance variable named _firstName will be accessible by the @"firstName" key path.

A getter method named firstName will be called when accessing the @"firstName" key path, regardless of there being a _firstName instance variable or setFirstName setter method.

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