Java Language Implements Interface


Example

This is an enum that is also a callable function that tests String inputs against precompiled regular expression patterns.

import java.util.function.Predicate;
import java.util.regex.Pattern;

enum RegEx implements Predicate<String> {
    UPPER("[A-Z]+"), LOWER("[a-z]+"), NUMERIC("[+-]?[0-9]+");

    private final Pattern pattern;

    private RegEx(final String pattern) {
        this.pattern = Pattern.compile(pattern);
    }

    @Override 
    public boolean test(final String input) {
        return this.pattern.matcher(input).matches();
    }
}

public class Main {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        System.out.println(RegEx.UPPER.test("ABC"));
        System.out.println(RegEx.LOWER.test("abc"));
        System.out.println(RegEx.NUMERIC.test("+111"));
    }
}

Each member of the enum can also implement the method:

import java.util.function.Predicate;

enum Acceptor implements Predicate<String> {
    NULL {
        @Override
        public boolean test(String s) { return s == null; }
    },
    EMPTY {
        @Override
        public boolean test(String s) { return s.equals(""); }
    },
    NULL_OR_EMPTY {
        @Override
        public boolean test(String s) { return NULL.test(s) || EMPTY.test(s); }
    };
}

public class Main {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        System.out.println(Acceptor.NULL.test(null));  // true
        System.out.println(Acceptor.EMPTY.test(""));   // true
        System.out.println(Acceptor.NULL_OR_EMPTY.test(" ")); // false
    }
}