iOS Using IBInspectable and IBDesignable


Example

One (or two) of the coolest new features in recent Xcode releases are the IBInspectable properties and IBDesignable UIViews. These have nothing to do with the functionality of your application but instead impact the developer experience in Xcode. The goal is to be able to visually inspect custom views in your iOS application without running it. So assume that you have a custom view creatively named CustomView that inherits from UIView. In this custom view, it will display a string of text with a designated color. You can also choose not to display any text. We'll need three properties:

var textColor: UIColor = UIColor.blackColor()
var text: String?
var showText: Bool = true

We can then override the drawRect function in the class:

if showText {
    if let text = text {
        let s = NSString(string: text)
        s.drawInRect(rect,
            withAttributes: [
                NSForegroundColorAttributeName: textColor,
                NSFontAttributeName: UIFont(name: "Helvetica Neue", size: 18)!
            ])
    }
}

Assuming that the text property is set, this will draw a string in the upper left hand corner of the view when the application is run. The problem is we won't know what it looks like without running the application. This is where IBInspectable and IBDesignable come in. IBInspectable allows us to visually set property values of the view in Xcode, just like with the built in controls. IBDesignable will show us a visual preview in the storyboard. Here is how the class should look:

@IBDesignable
class CustomView: UIView {
    @IBInspectable var textColor: UIColor = UIColor.blackColor()
    @IBInspectable var text: String?
    @IBInspectable var showText: Bool = true

    override func drawRect(rect: CGRect) {
        // ...
    }
}

Or in Objective C:

IB_DESIGNABLE
@interface CustomView: UIView

@property (nonatomic, strong) IBInspectable UIColor* textColor;
@property (nonatomic, strong) IBInspectable NSString* text;
@property (nonatomic, assign) IBInspectable BOOL showText;

@end

@implementation CustomView

- (instancetype)init {
    if(self = [super init]) {
        self.textColor = [UIColor blackColor];
        self.showText = YES;
    }
    return self;
}

- (void)drawRect:(CGRect)rect {
    //...
}

@end

The next screenshots show what happens in Xcode. The first one is what happens after adding the revised class. Notice that there are three new UI elements for the three properties. The Text Color will display a color picker, Text is just an input box and Show Text will give us the options for Off and On which are false and true respectively.

The next is after changing the Text Color to red using the color picker. Also, some text has been provided to make the drawRect function display it. Notice that the view in Interface Builder has been updated as well.

Finally, setting Show Text to Off in the property inspector makes the text display in Interface Builder disappear.

However, We all come up situation when we need to create rounded UIView at multiple views in your Storyboard.Instead of declaring IBDesignable to every views of Storyboard, its better to create an Extension of UIView and get a user interface built just for your every UIView through out the project to create rounded view by setting corner radius.A configurable border radius on any UIView you create in storyboard.

extension UIView {
    
    @IBInspectable var cornerRadius:CGFloat {
        set {
            layer.cornerRadius = newValue
            clipsToBounds = newValue > 0
        }
        get {
            return layer.cornerRadius
        }
    }
    
}

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